/k/ - Weapons, Combat, Outdoorsmanship

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what's a war board without a conflict?


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And to start it with everybody's favourite subject: trains! https://invidious.kavin.rocks/watch?v=FHGdBNuBCAU
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Is the importance of horse-drawn transport underestimated in western military planning circles?
>>13244 I don't think so. While pack animals might be useful in mountainous terrains, but if you could use horse-drawn waggons somewhere then you can also use wheeled vehicles there. Horses are slow, squishy, and require a lot of maintenance compared to a modern engine. And you can't just let them feed in grass if you expect them to work hard, and transporting fodder is not that different from transporting fuel.
>>13233 What's better, a train network or the interstate highway system?
>>13274 a train network on the interstate highway system
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>>13274 It's the kind of question that has too many variables for a simple answer. So instead of attempting that I'll leave here some railway propaganda: https://invidious.kavin.rocks/watch?v=3pRSDItUGmM
Is there a point to hypersonic military transport aircraft?
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>>13289 >ywn have majestic trains befitting of the german people running on superior 3m-9m gauges pulling wagon hotels through the entire European continent on scenic routes possibly with nuclear locomotives if the difficulties in supplying electricity and general krautism are any indication >instead most highways are jam packed with polish elephant racers making the lack of a speed limit largely redundant, trains are never on time and airplanes deliver the latest in failed Chinese bioweapon experiments I'd wager eastern Europe would be a lot less impoverished if the Breitspurbahn had been built as intended.
>>13297 Based and comfy as fuck. Imagine being sent on your paid holiday/leave by it's inventor uncle Adolf with the aryan family in pic 5. In comparison most new trains are mediocre, cheap, literal cattle cars with shitty chairs, without enclosed coupes that suck ass. They had way better more comfortable trains in the 60's. If history turned out not diseased semitic rest assured we'd have comfy as fuck scenic nuclear euroshinkansen and euromaglev trains all over Europe by now.
>>13301 Why were we born into hell, strelok?
>>13301 I often feel that technology stopped getting "better" around the 1970s, maybe as early as before the end of 1959. Even in military technology people rely on digital shit to make up the slack, but it isn't as good physically. I think computers let us get really fucking lazy when making machines, there's no handcrafted precision engineering anymore. We can't even make the fucking F1 engine anymore because metal workers with the necessary skills don't exist. We'd have to replace the moving parts with simpler mass produce-able computer designed garbage. I really wish I could have met Wernher von braun, he was probably the last real engineer. Can you imagine a world with high quality, finely tuned machines? A world with shining cities, no ghettos, jews, or romanians? I'm so fucking mad.
>>13305 Yes anon I fully agree. You definitely have a point but in my view it has more to do with the deliberately destructive kike globalist de-industrialization with them pushing this utterly insane globalist reliance on non-western states who literally use slave labor. -- It's a given that, that way those genius and incredible individuals in the West won't be as easily created by being able to hone and perfect their craft here as before, knowledge gets lost and brain-drain occurs, because it's only when a motivated person perfects a skill that they're able to pump out inventions because due to their expertise and the white creative spark they're able stretch to the utter limit of what is possible that was previously unthought. It's my belief that the Jews now do this intentionally to artificially limit this to military and actively hide incredible technology decades ahead in secret stamp patent lots instead of actively trying to create a culture of Edisons and Nikola Tesla's to benefit the people because it would inevitably hurt them, and their artificial monopolies.(Confiscation of Nikola Tesla's documents and for sure countless others is notable evidence of this, NT was a loud progenitor of "free energy" and believed this was no doubt possible.. Nikola Tesla free energy concept was patented in 1901 as an "Apparatus for the Utilization of Radiant Energy.") That's why we see a shit ton of super expensive fad dead end reddit tier projects like LLHC, Tokamak etc etc ... That are the definition of deadborn literally half-assed attempts to create but not perfect or be sensible, they're something to say "look we are doing something, give us money lol". .. along with other frauds perpetuated like "limited resource" (Nevermind germans made all their fuels in Bregius process synth labs using genius 1890 method that was cleverly rethought, now imagine what else can be fully synthesized) etc... >>13304 Because we have to change it. We have to stop it.
>>13291 Transporting VIPs in an emergency maybe? I'm not sure how cheap of an alternative it would be to transport military equipment ala C130 and if it looses the tactical advantage of being able to basically glide in low to drop parachuted supplies. I can't see it replacing current transports outright outside of those billionaires who can afford it as their private jet.
>>13305 I'd put the point of technology stagnating somewhere between the F-15 and Su-27 entering service, or the Soviets dropping out of the space race which was the last area seeing genuine technological and scientific development before transistors started multiplying every year. >>13306 >limited resource While not technically wrong in terms of crustal capacity it's a complete and utter disinfo campaign to make normalfags think space doesn't go beyond LEO except for Mars robots but these are expensive and risky endeavors so asteroid mining from NEOs clearly will never be reasonable or profitable b-because evil rockets produce CO2, Bill Gates doing it is fine as he's rich and rich people know how to solve climate problem unlike poor people :°). On the topic of space, would it be sensible for a colonial power with scattered outposts all over the planet and near infinite shekels to maintain a few emergency military supply caches in LEO whose contents could be deployed to ground troops via converted ICBM reentry vehicles on ultra short notice?
>>13291 >>13307 Well yeah teah the idea would be you could get in enemy aerospace quicker and slow down before drop making the entire ordeal more efficient
>>13305 >>13306 Advanced industrialized societies have been undergoing a decline in intelligence starting from 1900 onward: https://invidious.snopyta.org/watch?v=mOqGXhn7YBA
>>13297 >I'd wager eastern Europe would be a lot less impoverished if the Breitspurbahn had been built as intended. That would mean there was no communism in Eastern Europe, so of course it would be several times richer than currently is, regardless of the type of railway used. Still, I think the experts were correct when they proposed laying more tracks next to each other instead of going bigger. Especially if we keep in mind that containerization is one of the best things ever, and it makes no sense to build bigger trains to ferry the same kind of containers, and using a different kind of container in those lines would lead to needless complications.
https://invidious.kavin.rocks/watch?v=kvRK0lC1UKk This video makes me wonder how good would this system work with vehicles. Wood gas was used to power civilian vehicles (and training tanks) during ww2, but the main problem with it was that it's very dirty and clogs up everything, and this could solve that problem. And a vehicle with electric drive powered by vid related should have enough internal space for this kind of wood gasifier.
Aren't civilian nuclear powerplants kind of a liability from a military standpoint? While containment buildings are designed to withstand external abuse the rest of the plants don't seem nearly as SHTF proof, Fukushima dai ichi for example melted because they lost power with both diesel generators and offsite powerlines rendered inoperable due to flooding. A targeted non-nuclear precision strike or glow in the dark sabotage act could severely cripple an industrialized nation's economy and logistics without even triggering MAD if the target nation has no nukes, doesn't help that many reactors were built close to major industrial centres. >>13324 >it makes no sense to build bigger trains to ferry the same kind of containers, Widespread Containerization wasn't much of a thing in when the Breitspurbahn was envisioned, one of its main design goals apart from making Germany grow larger was to fix the poor infrastructure found on the eastern front. While standard gauge railways or Autobahnen would likely have eventually supplanted broad gauge Herrenzüge in central and western Europe I want to believe they'd still have found viable use as long haul hub-and-spoke trains in the Caucasus, Urals and Siberia. Hitler might also view Container-based JIT point to point logistics as a jewish scheme encouraging dependence on far-flung "readily" available resources instead of local/regional stockpiles that encourage civilized forward planning and don't clog highways as much.
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>>13334 >Widespread Containerization wasn't much of a thing in when the Breitspurbahn was envisioned True, I'm a bit too bound to reality in this point. But break-of-gauge is still a gigantic problem that plagues Eurasian trade to this day (and also Japan for a lesser extent), and it was already known in the 19th century that mixing gauges is a horrible idea. The Stephenson gauge is quite flexible: it's small enough for even tram systems, and yet it's also perfect to haul people and cargo from one end of a continent to an other one. The Breitspurbahn would be only good for long distance, but once it arrives somewhere it would be necessary to put all the cargo and people to standard gauge railways, instead of just e.g. detaching the waggons with raw materials and sending them directly to a factory that already has a railway line. And having a bunch of lines is also inherently more flexible, especially if you can use them for both long and short range transport. >Hitler might also view Container-based JIT point to point logistics as a jewish scheme encouraging dependence on far-flung "readily" available resources instead of local/regional stockpiles that encourage civilized forward planning and don't clog highways as much. He specifically wanted this system to increase the volume of cargo and number of people moving between far-flung parts of Europe, and even areas on the outskirts of Europe. Sure, he wanted trade to be heavily in favour of German interests, but he certainly wasn't the patron saint of local small businesses. And even then, he would live for only so long, it's perfectly possible that only a few lines would be operational when he dies, and then the project gets abandoned. Also, more trains and a map that is somehow relevant.
>>13334 Wasn't the pracrical purpose of reactors originally to generate plutonium for the manufacture of nuclear weapons, and power generation was just a ruse?
>>13339 Well, yes and no. An actual power generating reactor is different by a few slight points than a plutonium generating reactor, and a breeder reactor doesn't actually produce enough power to be viable. However, to turn a power generation reactor into a breeder reactor is as simple as using slightly more enriched uranium and/or removing waste products sooner to extract higher quality Pu. I believe a hardcore breeder reactor consumes a lot of power instead, but you can have a civilian reactor that straddles the line where you produce decent amounts of plutonium while still also producing a lot of power. This would seem to be the most functional option for mass scale plutonium production in a superpower that wants to get serious about nuclear weapons. Keep in mind that NK, india, and pakistan might as well have conventional weapons as far as we're concerned just because our missile defense outnumbers their warheads 10:1. Only Russia and maybe France and China have the ability to overwhelm our defenses, which is where nuclear weapons go from a last resort terror attack and way to frighten off smaller countries, to a viable method of wiping out the city populations of a superpower.
>>13334 >Aren't civilian nuclear powerplants kind of a liability from a military standpoint? That's just how a heavily centralized system works. Nuclear power plants have a tremendous output, but they are expensive and need highly trained personnel, and the fuel is hard to come by. For a total war you could amass enough fuel rods to last a few decades, and then defend your nuclear power plants with AA systems and anti-saboteur units, and then power generation is not a problem for the duration of the war. They are the kings of a centralized system for this reason, and decentralized power generation can't really compete with that (as far as I know). Although if you had a nuclear power plant that fits into a shipping container, safe (and idiot-proof) enough that a small crew of people with a minimum IQ of 100 can operate it without any problem, and can power a small city or a large factory, and you can somehow mass produce it, then maybe you would have a superior alternative. You'd still need a central factory to do maintenance and refuelling, but if they have enough fuel to last a decade, and they are constantly cycled through so that most of them always have enough fuel left for a few years, then even taking out that factory wouldn't leave you without power. And hunting down who knows how many shipping containers might be a lot harder than taking out a single big target.
>>13348 >a nuclear power plant that fits into a shipping container, safe (and idiot-proof) enough that a small crew of people with a minimum IQ of 100 can operate it without any problem Isn't that basically a small nuclear sub reactor?
Is riverine shipping competitive with the railway in this day and age?
>>13364 short answer: depends on the situation. But mostly not long answer: riverine shipping is used in places, where the terrain prevents the construction of railways, or makes it uninteresting from an economic point of view. As in everything in life, it depends on the circumstances, what solutions are deemed best. In the best case scenario, you've got competent people in command, who can pick the right options based on calculations and experience. Worst case, you've got a bunch of corrupt shit-bags, who pick the option that lets them pocket the most cash. Now, look at america. you got mostly plains, mountains and deserts. Waterways don't play much of a role there. The U.S. got highways, a good road system, and most importantly, it's not a flooded, montainous shithole. And now, take a look at China, for example. It's got tons of mountains, tons of rivers, it's got shitty roads... but hold on, tons of rivers. That's what the Chinks picked up on, and they started using their natural surroundings to help them overcome infrastructural problems. That's why waterway transport is way more important in the PRC, than in the U.S. China got railways too, but due to the fact, that they are mostly stretching from north to south, and they make up a small part of the PRCs Cargo turnover. Russia is another story entirely. it is forced to rely on railways, as the distances between Cities and even between villages are fuck-huge. There can be no talk about competition between waterway transport and railway there, simply because of the damn huge distances, and the lack of rivers and canals to cover the country. That also has an interesting side effect of making people more self-reliant. You should see the crazy stuff the russians come up with, just so they don't have to travel 300 to 500 miles to the nearest city.
>>13364 I'm not sober enough to correct my above post, so i'll leave it there. One thing i wanted to add though, is one about corrupt shitbags i mentioned earlier. look at south america. it's a hellhole, with absolutely shitty infrastructure, and not because it's so hard to build roads and railways there, as there exist numerous railways and roads there. The Problem is, the south american countries are, compared to the PRC, ruled by shitbags who line their pockets with taxpayers money and don't do shit to improve the country. Instead, they are like Niggers, relying on the existing infrastructure, which is slowly falling apart.
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>>13362 Indeed, sounds quite similar to that, but I have no idea what those are capable of, and I'm also not sure that a reactor that fits into a shipping container can produce enough energy to worth the hassle. Not to mention that although I'm a proponent of nuclear energy, I wouldn't want every small town to have its own power plant, because the more you have the more likely that somebody will do something that significantly drives up the cases of cancer in an area. The closest thing that currently exists is that Russian floating nuclear power plant, but it's significantly bigger than even the biggest shipping container. Although I vaguely recall reading about a train-mounted nuclear power plant that was designed to power civilian infrastructure in an emergency, and I think it was an American idea.
>>13232 Has anyone touched on where the funding for said wars originate from? I know that Brown Brothers Harriman (the bush family stems from this bank) along with Montague Norman who was the head of the bank of England ( BBH is a derivative of the Bank of England) funded Germany in WW2
An American ww2 propaganda film about the munition industry: https://invidious.kavin.rocks/watch?v=LYJRWTvJwoY It's not that informative, but some of you might find it interesting. >>13442 You can either print money or convince your population that they should pay extra in top of their taxes. The latter is usually done with war bonds, but there were charities too. E.g. Germany had a drive in ww2 for people to donate winter clothing for the troops in Russia. But what you really have to keep in mind is that money is not some magic substance that turns into whatever you want it into, it's merely a tool to convince others to do you bidding. With good enough propaganda you can convince large segments of the population to work some extra for free. Also, look up Mefo bills.
>>13365 >N/S railways mostly That's because Mao construction and co couldn't build railroads into Tibet/Qinghai because they couldn't build a train engine and had to rely on western (German/US/Canadian) ones, specifically the GE GE Dash 9-44CW In reality I'm pretty sure he got bribed by the CIA but doesn't matter. The plateau isn't exactly technologically stable either. >t. dumbass who almost died in an earthquake in tibet
>>14043 But how does that stop them from improving the rail connections in the rest of the country?
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>>14047 >why doesn't china have more rail. 90% of China's population (It's somewhat lower now that "Chinese" han bought into the stronk women no family DINK meme) is east of the Hu Huangyong line shown here. Now take a look at the topographical map, and look at the various mountain ranges that criss cross the dens population areas. Compared to the US you only really have the rockies, appachians, and sierra nevada. You only have to cross these once going E/W or not at all going N/S. That's impossible in China. Modern day China tries to build a shit ton of rail (electric) and waterways (easier to load mass tonnage than say a semi) because China does not have a large reserve of oil. Also, earthquakes, landslides and mudslides, China gets a lot of them. Mainly because of the stupid monsoon climate, you'll be driving in the rain and the entire damn hillside with the road just vanishes. That's why they don't use rails. Finally, there's only so many rail lines you can build. Beijing has 4 fucking rail stations for civilians and it's such a clusterfuck trying to keep their shit together that it's hilarious . The Beijing-Shanghai line kept expanding (It was 2 rails except for a few places near the Dezhou county line) until recently because local farmers had enough and went and made jungleman vc proud by fucking dynamiting the rail bridges and tearing up the tracks and it took quite the PAP (Gendarmerie of PLA) presence to subdue it in 2010. Tibet is similar. Local tibetman (and even more so moderate headchoppers) take every opportunity they get to mess with the bridges (because the plateau is mostly permafrost so it has to be elevated) that the gov stations a "reliable" family every ~500m to do jack shit but watch for people messing with the bridges. Historically speaking, You also have to keep in mind the entire area south of the Huai river was fucking jungle/marshland until the late song, roughly 1300AD. The current watersheds in china are not reflective of the historical ones, because the river has changed course a great deal a number of time (the most recent when the ROC busted the dikes to try and slow the nips in WW2). pls no bully MSS taiwan part of china proper...
>>14043 >t. dumbass who almost died in an earthquake in tibet That sounds like a pretty interesting story, actually.
>>14056 When does CCP stop spamming passenger rail everywhere for poors that have no reason to exist with advent of automation?
>>14061 >When does China stop needless building projects to justify its GDP growth? Never.
>>14061 >rail for lolpoor never because its a cheaper way to move around infantry! Rail in china is used as a strategic transport for troop movements. >>14061 >dying in an earthquake. Thanks no thanks. I've been a fair share of landslides already. anyways storytime >be me, dumbass in the Hymalayas, on a shitty tier 3 (AKA localy county road, think the shitty dirt roams in the US/ the shit backwater roads). >potholes the size of a 12 inch wheel >In the middle of a valley for being tectonically unstable >raining >hear loud crashing noise like splashing water while resting under an outcropping, there's a large jolt around me >try stay still as fuck cause I don't want to get yeeted by a boulder >massive as fuck landslide just completely wiped out the next 5km of road ahead of me >boulder the size of a mini cooper flies by my head. >get thrown on the ground >boulder the size of my head comes by and grazes my helmet >mfw I later learned it was a 6.2 earthquake about a 2 km down the road It took em around 5 hours to dig out the damn road again. The chinese PAP (gerdamine) on that section of the road have manned excavators every ~2-4km due to frequent landslides and it being one of the major logistical routes into tibet.
>>14064 Heh, sounds like you're lucky to be alive through that one lad. Count your blessings. >It took em around 5 hours to dig out the damn road again. Impressive. I imagine their construction approach wouldn't meet OSHA standards.
>>14066 Its honestly just a dirt road thats a better red ball express, not too much mud and they just keeping digging away. The fact that damn near 70% of tibets imports go through there is asounding. I think it was a real wake up call to me on how fragile modern logistics is. Imagine NYC relying on a single pontoon bridge made of bamboo rafts that get replaced from the ends if one raft breaks
>>14067 > Imagine NYC relying on a single pontoon bridge made of bamboo rafts that get replaced from the ends if one raft breaks Good point. I imagine there are many miracles holding these fragile threads together we're all so dependent on. Well, have any other logistics-oriented tales to tell Strelok? Did you ever go up into Tibet BTW?
To add to the trains vs boats discussion: this couldn't happen with a competently managed railway. https://invidious.kavin.rocks/watch?v=qyiaisvmf_s
>>14064 > Rail in china is used as a strategic transport for troop movements. Could generals orchestrate a coup with this?
>>14096 >coup No. Not with out significant assistance from the party secretary. Ammo in China is directly controlled at the every level by the military party secretary (Rank is roughly captain or above) who reports directly to the CPC and their superior. Any armed force in China is not allowed access to live ammo unless at full combat readiness (Both the party sec and the commander of the unit must agree or explicitly authorized by a commanding officer at the division level in emergencies. Units above or at the company level require direct authorization of the corps level and must be reported to the Central military commission. And yes, if you are wondering, in times of peace, the party secretary have the final say over basically anything. Also, even in counter terror/ police ops, the ammunition is not LOADED and is kept in a locked container held by a senior enlisted with the captain with the key. The platoon leader must request permission from the party secretary before they may use it and the PS can deny for any reason. One exception is SF counter terror ops, they get free reign since their commanders are ALSO party secretaries in name (you must be a CPC member for some time and be vetted politically before passing their BUDS training evals) At least, that this /was/ back before the 2016 reform.
>>14120 All sounds deadly efficient. Why aren't you a red blooded ChiCom patriot?
>>14126 Knowing your enemy is the first step to beating them. >video unrelated, russian MOD video of a 955A missle test in 2018.
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>>14129 >connection failed fucking damnit.
>>14129 I was asking the Chink janitor if he was the one answering, though MSS might put a bounty on his head.
>>14132 Yes but BO needs to give me janni role back still >.<
>>14131 What are those pink pouches everyone is carrying at their waists in the submarine?
>>14136 i already did a week ago pick up the can
I would like to know more about millitary warehousing and stockpiling. I find it interesting because logistics provide the first concrete indication of a strategic shift. Long before the South China Sea conflict China started warehousing naval mines, effectively telegraphing their assessment that a major power would attack them by sea before their own navy was established in the theater. To make a stockpile of millions of naval mines would take years to stockpile- and even before this space would be allocated for the expected deliveries. Are surplus weapons stored loose, in pallates? Could this indicate an intention to sell them on to secondary markets? What about tooling kits? Before China started making these cheap gookfaust launchers they had tool kits made- how many did they make? You may well end up with conclusions like "X plans to make more of Y than they can store, which gives a window of expected conflict between Z years"
>>14137 A guess given the situation : You are in a can of metal surrounded by water, with a whole lot of chemicals around you. If any of the fun substances starts leaking or some fire starts you probably can extract some mask + filter or oxygen combination out of the pouch in order to remain alive after a few dozen seconds. I have only spotted two guys not having them in the sub, but the camera does not show the whole body so they could still have it near themselves or on their knees. It cannot be radio as no wiring or ports and we are inside a sub so communication should not be a problem. It needs to be always on the person which means for immediate emergency use. The life west they use look way bigger in the first few shots. It's between 1-2L of capacity, so probably not an entire suit. Given Russia's recent history of deadly fire in sub it would be reasonable.
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>>14140 >>14140 >pick up the slack I'm trying to fix my upload issues but right now I'm up shit creek without a paddle because I can't login or do anything. Sorry man. I think my shitty net actually broke the registration I created a fucking third account. hopefully third time is the charm. If it actually works properly I'll email you again >video unrelated
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>>14239 Seems like a sensible conclusion. Upon digging a little, it does indeed seem like it is most probably a self-contained oxygen generator (SCOG) of some kind. I couldn't find any pictures of Russian ones in particular, but the ones I did find images of appear to be similar in dimensions.
>>14259 The russians have had a lot of awful accidents in recent memory involving drowning in a submarine, even for morale or PR purposes I can see why they'd issue them to every fucking person on the boat. Recovering notes from the Kursk from officers and shit who suffocated in air pockets after four hours has got to be a demoralizing experience for your navy. That and having all the oxygen generators catch fire and melt your face off with acid after contacting oily seawater AND nearly all of them were unused in some storage compartment probably pressured them to improve the resistance of their SCOG systems
>>14261 >catch fire and melt your face off Nothing about Russian naval history is confidence-inspiring, but god damn the submarine stuff... every time I learn more about it, I have to wonder how they even got people into those deathtraps.
>>14262 >I have to wonder how they even got people into those deathtraps. It's not like the soviets were open about accidents of any kind, expect if it was blatantly obvious for too many people to contain it. Jewfix's Chernobyl is far from a documentary, but I still recommend watching it, because the way the officials try to hide what is going on is pretty accurate. And you can easily hide accidents that happen on a submarine. I don't know of they were crewed by conscripts or volunteers (or conscripts who volunteered for subs), but the former usually just want to get out and don't care much, and the latter often have a somehow different risk assessment than the others. Tell both of them that submarines are inherently safe, make sure no contradicting news get to them, and they will get into the robot boat.
>>14265 >Jewfix's Chernobyl is far from a documentary You are better seeing the original docudrama BBC version of it, only one episode and actually tries at times to be accurate despite using britbong comedians as serious drama actors (they did pull it off). https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x6tufjj
>>14266 For those who want to jump into it, if you want extra drama start the video from 2:50-3:00 rather than the beginning.
The Suez Canal has been blocked by a massive container ship.
>>14268 The world economy is already in the shit due to Corona-chan, this is just the cherry on top. If it happened in the Strait of Gibraltar I can see a US submarine ramming her.
>>14268 Apparently, it's just that easy to completely disrupt trade. Anyone know if this is a Chinese ship? Flagged Panama, but a lot of ships are, due to looser regulations.
>>14268 >oil price increases via container ship "accidents" in congested shipping lanes instead of retarded proxy wars Is this part of the USN's master plan? Aren't shallow artificial canals really easy to mine by air? While mines would be quickly detected I wonder if it'd make sense for a power with enough resources to sustain some attrition to dump small limpet mines over the canal every night via stealth drones or mass produced cruise missiles to shut it down.
>>14275 It's a Taiwanese owned ship that was built by a Japanese shipyard.
>>14268 That's just beautiful. I hope it stays stuck there for a week. No, I hope a war breaks out near the canal and it stays shut down for a month or more due to >>14272
>>14278 >>14275 Bloomberg says it was travelling from China to the Netherlands (Rotterdam). https://archive.is/PQ0XR
>>14288 I saw offhand it was manned by Pajeets, but didn't look into confirming. A true globalist disaster.
>>14268 this is going to punish global supply chains hard. by the looks of the sheer size and how embedded the ship's bow is in the sandbank, its not going anywhere fast. this is going to violate EU countries. going round africa was never part of the plan
>>14293 >that gif Kek, nice one.
>>14268 >>14275 >Apparently, it's just that easy to completely disrupt trade. Could you just imagine how bad things would get if an actual war took place and one or more of the belligerents did things like this intentionally. Global trade would basically just grind to a halt instantly.
>>14296 Is someone taking inspiration from this like the Japanese from Taranto?
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To add another layer of comedy the ship also drew a giant cock in its path before getting stuck in the Canal.
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>>14293 >This is the final push Chinks need to ally with Pedo Joe >Together they grab Leafland by the balls and make them open up the Northwest Passage for Asian-European trade >WWIII will be fought in the new world between Burgers and Poutine with Asia as a secondary objective
>>14296 The power grid and internet infrastructure of most countries isn't much better. It's surprisingly easy to kill several thousands of people without ever striking a soft body in the age of global trade.
>>14297 I mentioned on /a/ but there's a specialist team showing up Thursday but due to Egyptian holidays, it probably won't re-open until Monday/Tuesday at the earliest.
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>>14299 beetifull:DD
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>>14304 So the wind was pushing the ship westward, and the crew tried to go back to their lane, but fucked it up and hit the side of the canal.
>>14304 >My Myocardium Will Continue starts playing
Can they offload individual containers using helicopters? Cargo airships when?
>>14308 I don't see why not, but it would be terribly expensive.
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>>14308 I've always really liked the look of those crane helicopters. >>14310 What a clusterfuck.
>>14308 I wonder how long until someone oversized a quadcopter so that it can haul shipping containers. >>14310 With that many ships in one place, at least a few of them are bound to have technical difficulties, especially if they are forced to just anchor there for days. I can already seen them being forced to stay there and slow down the traffic once Ever Given is free to roam the seven seas again.
>>14313 The Yids are complaining about ebul Ir*nian missiles attacking cargo ships of their own. Could the Suez blockade be a setup to some kind of unintentional false flag a la the Beiruit harbor explosion from last summer? There's bound to be some Ukrainian crews there.
>>14314 Supposedly the crew are all Indians and the Evergreen had been at Chinese ports before sailing to the canal.
>>14315 Maybe, but as you can see there might be hundreds of ships waiting on both sides of the canal. I think you could reasonably find people from most non-African countries among the various crews.
>>14309 Also, I think those helicopters can only carry a single container at a go. The Ever Given has 20,000 containers. Even if they had a dozen of those cargo helis working 24/7, it'd still take forever.
Due to the Ever Given situation, ships have now apparently started to sail the long way across Africa. Does the massive size of cargo ships make it easier to bear the rough seas along the Cape of Good Hope?
>>14320 Their mass distribution should make the trip perfectly fine. The bigger question will be how many world navies will have to temporarily be deployed to African waters for peacekeeping duties (and how many more will get raided by nigger pirates).
>>14321 >pirates The whole are of the Red Sea and the gulf are some of the absolute worst areas in the world for piracy. If navies are going to be deployed, they best hustle, because I bet every Somali with a skiff is gonna be aching to get himself a piece of the action.
>>14320 >Does the massive size of cargo ships make it easier to bear the rough seas along the Cape of Good Hope? No. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=89Mw6L69b6Y
>>14325 >>14310 Wicked. Navies better be on overtime making sure bad actors dont take advantage of this. I saw rumours of a russian warship was in the area of the red sea, can anyone confirm? >>14300 get the icebreakers to work. Lord Franklin shall not have died in vain!
>>14328 >get the icebreakers to work. Lord Franklin shall not have died in vain! Westward from the Davis Strait 'tis there 'twas said to lie the sea route to the Orient for which so many died...
>>14325 That map doesn't show it well, but West Africa is closer to America than any of the European countries distance-wise, hence the mass piracy in that pocket.
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>>14290 Confirmed.
How long would it take to clear the canal if the ship is found to be unseaworthy?
>>14333 >West Africa is closer to America than any of the European countries distance-wise, hence the mass piracy in that pocket. Not likely to be even remotely correlated. A history of indigenous slaving among the niggers themselves between the tribes is far more likely the explanation -- if the claim itself is valid.
>>14341 >How long would it take to clear the canal if the ship is found to be unseaworthy? Don't know. Maybe the crews trying to free it will gouge a big hole in it. After all, they're Edgyptian.
>>14341 At that point, they'd likely be better off just making the canal wider. Even Egyptians would be hard-pressed to mess up digging.
>>14344 >mess up digging Considering they have to take into account elevation and inclination differences, I wouldn't be suprised if they DID.
>>14344 Maybe, but digging seems to be expensive and time-consuming: >In August 2014, the Egyptian government launched construction to expand and widen the Ballah Bypass for 35 km (22 mi) to speed up the canal's transit-time. The expansion intended to nearly double the capacity of the Suez Canal, from 49 to 97 ships per day.[8] At a cost of 59.4 billion Egyptian pounds (US$9bn), this project was funded with interest-bearing investment certificates issued exclusively to Egyptian entities and individuals. The "New Suez Canal", as the expansion was dubbed, was opened in a ceremony on 6 August 2015.[9] Although it would be nice if it provoked them to go overboard and join the old and new canals into a 100m wide artificial river.
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>>14348 It may be expensive and time-consuming, but so is having your shipping lane clogged by the SS Pajeet. Oh lawd, they diggin' though. The Egyptian president's "seaport advisor" said Thursday the 25th that navigation through the canal "will resume again within 48-72 hours, maximum." However, the Dutch firm, Smit Salvage, hired by the ship's Taiwanese operating company, states "We can't exclude it might take weeks, depending on the situation."
>>14349 >The Little Digger that could These pictures are actually kind of inspiring.
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>>14351 They're trying, that's for sure. One day, the Ever Given will be freed, and its precious cargo of hot pants can finally make it to those in need.
Cant help but think things would have been better had the British been left in control of Suez. The British would have done better maintenance and dredging, for a start.
>>14354 To some extent better maintenance would help, but the reality is that, much like how companies make even bigger fucking trucks when you increase the clearance under a highway, people would just make bigger fucking boats if you made the canal wider/more maintained. They already expanded it once in the last decade to accommodate more Chinks.
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>>14352 >>14349 They're also scared that if they unbalance the Ever Given in the wrong way during offloading then the entire ship could break in half.
>>14381 Is she carrying any non-perishable goods in watertight containers?
>>14383 Are the goods the problem? The ship will still be sitting above the water even if it sunk.
>>14381 Fuck, that ship is jammed in there tight.
>>14386 It'd be a shame for any migrants heading to Europe via Turkey if they couldn't get some early reparations along the way.
>>14390 It'd be the only right thing to do, obviously.
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>>14390 What did they mean by this?
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>>14299 Stolen from smug
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Now there is even a site dedicated to the matter. suezcanalblockage.com
>>14408 >high civilization builds megascale projects >decadent civilization overuses and neglects them
Why haven't moderate headchoppers tried their hands at improvised naval mines?
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https://archive.is/NRKYX >Why don't ships just have better management like planes? I think the writer of this article seems to think that boats piloted by Pajeets being paid pennies are equivalent to passenger airplanes piloted by college-educated Europeans/Asians with typically thousands of flight hours under their belts being paid garbage outside of regionals "six figures" at the major airline level.
>>14416 Jesus Christ it's like looking at a swarm of bugs. >>14417 That should read "garbage outside of majors."
>>14402 And an other one to help people imagine the size of this nice boat: evergiven-everywhere.glitch.me
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Boat's moved, show's over.
>>14427 News said it isn't refloated yet as of about 10 minutes ago.
>>14430 They freed the rudder. Last I checked there's concerns that it might not be fully floated due to deposits underneath the ship from when it crashed that could cause it to fuck up if they don't reduce the weight. That sucks if they did free it up, but I'll wait for more official news on the situation since this seems like a false alarm.
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Where is global warming when you need it?
>>14444 That one aerial photo seems to show a pronounced list to port. Maybe it's just the angle? I have to wonder if it would straight-up tip over onto one side if the sediment keeps building asymmetrically as the water level drops.
>>14431 >>14444 So they've kind of got it loose but they've also jammed it harder at the same time?
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>>14447 They say she's free, and being moved to the Great Bitter Lake for an inspection.
>>14444 They say that the full moon on the 28th rose the tides just enough to re float it.
>>14444 Digits confirm the canal will soon have an abundance of seawater flooding over it's banks thanks to the results of global warming which Anon himself single-handedly has now called forth :^). OTOH, seems to me that the mostly-peaceful-totally-not-islamists-perfectly-friendly regional sandnigger terrorists may now have ideas they never would have figured out on their own.
>>14451 >ideas they never would have figured out on their own If those peaceful silica moolies were to actually scuttle a ship in the canal, or otherwise break its ability to be moved, that'd be some game changing terrorism. That said, the target is somewhat nebulous for terrorists. Disrupting shipping would be a big "fuck you" to global trade, but doesn't have the impact of a stack of dead bodies, and doesn't fuck with any one nation in particular, except possibly Egypt itself.
>>14451 I'm pretty sure Syria was about to enter a crisis situation because they couldn't sell their oil to China due to the straight being closed. I imagine the only reason the Israelis haven't launched an American campaign against the strait is entirely because they know every Arab nation in a three country radius would bomb the shit out of them if they did.
>>14454 >I imagine the only reason the Israelis haven't launched an American campaign against the strait They already did it with the brits, the egyptians and libyans ambushed them so hard the brits were mocked for decades by all its allies. It was Dunkirk without the benevolence, both losing parties were so mad that they started bombing arab planes and the arabs started kidnapping and bombing planes back. Never trust a jew even when it's on the ground begging.
>>14064 >never because its a cheaper way to move around infantry! >chink fails to see oncoming freight train due to his squint China Looks to Slow Growth of Money-Losing High-Speed Rail >China is introducing guidelines to limit new high-speed rail construction along underused routes, as it seeks to prevent projects that give short-term boosts to local economies, but add to regional governments’ already huge debt piles. >If a high-speed rail route is operating at less than 80% of its designed capacity, then a second line shouldn’t be built covering the same route, according to guidelines jointly released by the country’s top economic planner and the transport authority on Monday. >The guidelines also say that new high-speed rail links should only be built to cities that already see more than 15 million total inbound and outbound trips per year. The guidelines also called for tightening scrutiny over traffic volume and punishing those who fabricate data. >Constructing new high-speed rail routes has offered local governments a straightforward way to boost their economic figures in recent years, with the provinces of Hebei and Shandong both previously bringing up the idea that all of their cities should have such rail links, though these plans have not come to fruition. >The total length of the country’s high-speed rail network jumped 91% between 2015 and 2020, compared with just 7% growth for standard rail, according to China State Railway Group Co. Ltd. (CR). As of the end of last year, high-speed rails account for 26% of the country’s overall railway network, said CR, the country’s national rail operator. >“During railway planning and construction work, some places have problems with purely pursuing high standards, high speeds and high investment,” the guidance said, adding the pursuit of costly high-speed lines has left some projects with poor business performance and heavy debt burdens. >With the exception of the busiest lines between the biggest cities, like that which connects Beijing and Shanghai, China’s high-speed rail network loses money. The goal of the new guidelines is to prevent further expansion, and existing projects will be unaffected, a person familiar with the matter told Caixin. >The specific targets in the guidance may indicate that the new five-year plan will also contain restrictions on new high-speed rail construction, said professor Zhao Jian, director of the China Urbanization Research Center at Beijing Jiaotong University. >CR is one of many state-owned enterprises cutting their budgets for 2021. The railway operator said its funding from the central government had dropped 98% from last year, as the number of projects approved by the National Development and Reform Commission had fallen. >The company’s Chairman Zhang Dongfu said earlier that China would build 12,100 kilometers of high-speed rail through 2025, down 32% from the five years to 2020. >The guidance said railway debt should be within a “rational range” by 2035, without offering a specific figure. CR’s total debt amounted to 5.57 trillion yuan ($849 billion) at the end of September last year, taking its debt-to-asset ratio to 65.8%. https://archive.is/3hrO9
>>14490 >jiaotong university Lol. Thats kinda like USC. It's where all the USLA and Berkley rejects end up. >freight train Jokes on you they don't run freight trains on high speed rail, thats why it looses money tbh the Shandong high speed rail meme is mainly due to a bigger backdrop of "fuck you" to the central government over taxes Think of it like Soviet healthcare. It's a cornerstone of the Chinese government public service, in other words, they stop building when the entire damn government collapses and we get warlord era mk 2.
>>14490 >punishing those who fabricate data. Isn't that... well, everyone as far as Chinese functionaries are concerned?
>>14497 >freight and high speed rail shit is basically to the chinese gov't what the F-35 project is to the US r-rooka rike we not so diffelent aftel all...
>>14497 >is mainly due to a bigger backdrop of "fuck you" to the central government over taxes Are they going into debt just to piss off Beijing for being the only entity legally entitled to the majority of revenue in the country?
>>14501 >re Shandong shitshow The old party secretary in Shandong in the late 90s was a man named Wu Guanzheng (吴官正). Back then, the GDP of the province was not number 1, but in the top three. Wu liked to boast that Shandong was number one for prestige and to curry favor so he could advance in rank, so the CPC would levy extra taxes from the state. This gave rise to the ironic saying "Lu (Shandong) bluffing to the no 1 spot". The locals obviously weren't happy about this since Shandong went from no 2/3 to no 8 in GDP growth due to being overtaxed, so now they try to spend as much government monies as possible and basically threaten to the central gov for more gibs or they ruin the agriculture of China (Shandong is like Ukraine, or the midwest USA, breadbasket of China). >>14500 >f-35 Thing is, the rails are actually useful outside of a purely military use. Mainly when spring festival comes and when you need to get somewhere fast (because air travel isn't an option in China).
>>14500 >>freight and high speed rail shit is basically to the chinese gov't what the F-35 project is to the US Heh, except the F-35 drops bombs and shoots shit up, Strelok.
>>14502 >because air travel isn't an option in China Is it too expensive for most chinks and so there isn't a developed system of airfields and whatnot; or is it some retarded commie policy?
>>14517 Your question made me look up maps of airports and railway lines in ol' China. Seems like there are plenty of each, so I'd have to make a guess that air travel is beyond the financial reach of your average Chinaman.
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>>14520 >connection failed
>>14520 >air travel not feasible More like due to government restrictions. If we say that in the USA, 80% of air traffic is civilian, in China, 80% of air traffic is restricted to military. The government heavily discuourages air travel because they are afraid it will be used against them (think biden and muh get rid of gas cars but 100x worse, if the flight by plane isn't less than 3-5 hours than its not worth due to the delays). That and CPC officals landing always delay shit cause they gotta roll the good ole red carpet with the MSS, because when you are that hated, you never know when some asshole is going to try and throw dynamite at you tbh the US politicans are closely approaching that state too In regards to delays, it's almost 100% guaranteed, the joke there goes "What delay? You mean the actual ofical timetable?"
sage for double post Also, I forgot to mention, 60-90 % of the regional airports (almost 100% out west) are "military civilian dual use". So you run the risk of getting gulag'ed if you look at the CAP fighters and the jets on standby for interceptor duty. >>14521 if its not a large city (by chinese standards) like shanghai, Beijing, its a military dual use airport. The Lijiang airport has a set of interceptors right next to the tarmac stationed 24/7, for example.
>>14500 Don't even have to compare jets to rails when the US rail system is just as fucked. Look at how expensive it is just to add track to NYC, or how corrupt the Commiefornian high speed rail project is.
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https://archive.is/2hsBR >Florida county under state of emergency as reservoir with millions of gallons of "contaminated, radioactive wastewater" could collapse "at any time" >Some residents in Manatee County, Florida, were evacuated from their homes over Easter weekend as officials cited fears that a wastewater pond could collapse "at any time." Florida Governor Ron DeSantis declared a state of emergency for the area on Saturday. >County officials said the pond, located at the former Piney Point phosphate processing plant, has a "significant leak," according to CBS affiliate WTSP-TV. The Manatee County Public Safety Department told people near the plant to evacuate due to an "imminent uncontrolled release of wastewater." >"A portion of the containment wall at the leak site shifted laterally," said Manatee Director of Public Safety Jake Saur, "signifying that structural collapse could occur at any time." >Manatee County Public Safety Department initially sent out emergency evacuation notices on Friday for those who were within half a mile of Piney Point, and by 11 a.m. Saturday, evacuation orders were extended to people within one mile north of the reservoir's stacks of phosphogypsum — a fertilizer waste product — and those within half a mile to the south of the site. Surrounding stretches of highway were also closed to traffic. >Mandatory evacuations were extended an additional half mile west and one mile southwest of the site on Saturday evening. Manatee County Public Safety Department said that 316 households are within the full evacuation area. >Phosphogypsum is the "radioactive waste" left over from processing phosophate ore into a state that can be used for fertilizer, according to the Center for Biological Diversity. >"In addition to high concentrations of radioactive materials, phosphogypsum and processed wastewater can also contain carcinogens and heavy toxic metals," the Center said in a statement on Saturday. "For every ton of phosphoric acid produced, the fertilizer industry creates 5 tons of radioactive phosphogypsum waste, which is stored in mountainous stacks hundreds of acres wide and hundreds of feet tall." >Manatee County Commissioner Vanessa Baugh said in a statement Saturday that the "public must heed that notice to avoid harm." >Officials are on site conducting a controlled release of water, roughly 22,000 gallons a minute. >The water that is currently being pumped out by officials in order to avoid a full collapse is a mix of sea water from a local dredge project, storm water and rain runoff. The water has not been treated. >"The water meets water quality standards for marine waters with the exception of pH, total phosphorus, total nitrogen and total ammonia nitrogen," the state said in a statement. "It is slightly acidic, but not at a level that is expected to be a concern, nor is it expected to be toxic." >Florida Commissioner of Agriculture Nikki Fried wrote a letter to DeSantis on Saturday urging an emergency session of the Florida cabinet to discuss the situation. She wrote that the leaking water is "contaminated, radioactive wastewater," and noted that this leak is not the property's first. >"For more than fifty years, this Central Florida mining operation has caused numerous human health and environmental disasters and incidents," Fried wrote. "There have been numerous, well-documented failures — which continue today — of the property's reservoir liner, including leaks, poor welds, holes, cracks and weaknesses that existed prior to purchase by the current owner, HRK Holdings, and exacerbated since." >Video of a Manatee County Commissioners meeting provided insight into what happened prior to the leak. On Thursday afternoon, Jeff Barath, a representative for HRK Holdings, the company that owns the site, appeared emotionally distressed while briefing the Manatee County Commissioners about the situation. >"I'm very sorry," he said. He told commissioners he had only slept a few hours that week because he was trying to fix the situation, and through tears, said he first noticed "increased conductivities within the site's seepage collection system" 10 days prior on March 22. This system, he said, offers drainage around the gypsum stacks. >He said he immediately notified FDEP of his concerns. >"The water was changing around the seepage. We went into a very aggressive monitoring program," he said, to find out where the seepage was coming from. >They discovered the south side of the stack system had "increased in conductivity" and that the acidity of the water, which is normally around a 4.6, had dropped to about a 3.5, which indicated an issue. >After a few days, the water chemistry had not improved and water flows were increasing from about 120 gallons a minute to more than 400 gallons per minute in less than 48 hours, Barath said. Last Saturday night, the flow rates increased to "rates that I could not even estimate to you," he said.
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>>14639 >Water was filling the stacks so quickly that the ground was starting to rise, Barath said. This "bulging" was temporarily stabilized but then extended hundreds of feet. >Barath submitted a report to the state on March 26, according to the state-run "Protecting Florida Together," website, which was created by DeSantis to allow more transparency about state water issues. >"I was anticipating that the gypstack itself was destabilizing at a very rapid rate and recommended that we consider an emergency discharge," he told commissioners. He said he feared that "overpressurizing" the system would result in "complete failure." >"I've spent most of my days and nights constantly monitoring all aspects of this gypstack system and identifying failure points within it," he said, noting that failure points were happening "constantly, I mean hourly." >The Florida Department of Environmental Protection said that it ordered the company to "take immediate action" to prevent further leaks. On March 30, the department said that "pipes at the facility are repaired" and controlled discharges were initiated to prevent any pressure buildup. >However, based on Barath's testimony at the meeting, the situation was far from over. He concluded his address by saying they were doing "everything possible to prevent a true catastrophe." >On Friday, another leak was detected in the south containment area of the facility. Despite overnight work to attempt to stop this and other leaks, Manatee Director of Public Safety Jake Saur said on Saturday that the situation was "escalating."
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I know it's old news, but wait a second... Articles got released today saying Egypt "cleared their backlog" but there's still hundreds of ships parked there compared to before if you check the maps. Did they really only finish clearing the midpoint and now everyone is claiming they cleared the backlog to manipulate stocks ease panic? There's a fuckton of ships passing through all at the same time still. https://www.vesselfinder.com/
>>14536 Is Beijing monitoring your posts janny? >China Signals Willingness to Further Open Up Its Military-Controlled Skies >China’s top leadership has set up a new air traffic management body in sign that the government is open to making more of the country’s tightly restricted airspace available to civilian use, which has long been blamed for chronic delays in domestic flights. >Although it remains unclear whether the new body is a replacement for China’s top air traffic control body, the Air Traffic Control Commission (ATCC), its creation could represent one of the biggest reforms of China’s airspace regulation in 35 years. >The new body, the central air traffic management committee, was reported Thursday by the state-run Xinhua News Agency. >Civil industry insiders cast the new body, which is led by Vice Premier Han Zheng, as a positive signal of policymakers’ efforts to speed up airspace reform in one of the world’s largest commercial airline markets, as the industry has long called for the military-dominated ATCC to allow more airspace for civil use to meet growing demand for passenger flights. >Unlike in many countries, where air space is restricted for military use only in limited areas, all of China’s airspace is entirely under military control, with only narrow lanes approved for civilian use. That has made it difficult for airlines to open new flight routes in the country, which is a primary contributor to flight delays. >Less than 30% of China’s airspace is available for commercial flights and other civilian aircraft, compared with about 90% of the airspace in the U.S. and Europe, Li Jun, a former deputy chief of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, the civil aviation watchdog, said in a 2018 article (link in Chinese). >In recent years, the clash between China’s military and its airline industry over the use of airspace have become increasingly evident amid growing demand from both sides, a midlevel civil aviation official told Caixin. >Li said that airspace management reform had already reached the point where it required fundamental changes. “Insufficient airspace has become the biggest bottleneck restricting the development of civil aviation,” he said. https://archive.is/2sA83
https://archive.is/6aZGh >A second possible breach has been spotted at a toxic wastewater reservoir that's on the brink of collapse in central Florida, authorities said Monday. >A drone spotted the potential leak at 2 a.m. EDT as engineers and crew work around the clock to pump wastewater to safety from the Piney Point Reservoir, about 40 miles south of Tampa, officials said. >"An infrared drone identified a signature that could indicate a second breach" that caused a temporary evacuation of engineers working at the site, Manatee County Director of Public Safety Jacob Saur told reporters shortly after noon. >But "seepage rates remained steady overnight" at Piney Point, Saur said, adding that engineers "are back out at the site now and they're reassessing that." >Congressman Vern Buchanan, R-Florida, said he appreciated the work being done to pump water out of harm's way, but is still worried about a possible collapse. >The reservoir holds a mix of saltwater, fresh water, wastewater and fertilizer runoff, and Gov. Ron DeSantis told Floridians on Sunday that crews are working around the clock to prevent a collapse and possible “catastrophic flood.” >A breach at the old phosphate plant reservoir could gush out 300 million gallons in a 20-foot-high wall of water, Manatee County officials have said. >Stretches of U.S. Highway 41 have been closed off and residents of 316 homes already evacuated. And a local jail a mile away from the 77-acre pond has been evacuated. How common would incidents like this become if general conscription were enacted in the US for whatever reason?
>>14640 That's an interesting one. I wonder if "radioactive" in this case is significant, or just being thrown around to lend gravitas to the situation. Lots of shit is radioactive. Much of it won't hurt you.
>>14669 The natural state of uranium and thorium isn't that significant a concern, given our 120 year maximum lifespans Strelok. That stuff is literally everywhere on the planet. The problem with phosphogypsum is that it concentrates them as residual byproducts of the processing, and then concentrates all that concentrate into yuge gypstacks. Long-term exposure to these stacks is a problem, and it's compounded by the fact runoff water carries this stuff around in solute form. The water is hyped by the commercial media to generate hype and fear, but running it off into the ocean has few concerns for humans -- just keep your kids out of it. The gypstacks themselves are the real long-term problem. You wouldn't want to dump a pile of depleted uranium rounds near your house, right? Kind of like that just lower Geiger counts. >fun fact Potassium is radioactive, too. Put a Geiger counter near a bunch of bananas after your next trip to the grocery.
>>14667 >monitoring me Probably not (One can never be 100% certain). It's been a discussion that's been ongoing in CAAC (Think FAA) for the last ~10-15 years. Originally they planned to do that around 2015-2016 but the whole trump trade war shenanigans fucked up the supply chain for aircraft (Chinese carriers are usually using Airbus/Boeing and not ILs or their domestic builds). It took them sometime to popularize the domestic brand. My guess they would do it in 2022, but it seems they are quite confident on the current president in the USA, or desperate because they think the GOP will take the house/senate in 2022, not sure which. The original plan was drafted back in around 2002-4 tbh but Hu Jintao (the former party secretary) wasn't strong enough to force a change through. Xi on the other hand certainly has the backing to force it through, question is will he survive the backlash from the military and the party secretaries? You have to remember in China there are four competing factions in general: The party (Which is splintered into factions and thus represented by the Politburo standing committee, the civilian non party (generally minor player, aka blue checkmark thots), the military (represented by the central military committee , the MSS (They are represented by the ministry of supervision/ justice systems). Xi's reforms to the CMC in 2015 shook up the military pretty heavily, I am not sure if they are filled with lackey loyalists like the great purge era under stalin, but there seems to be at least some degree of talent in military modernization as evidenced in the type 625 SPAGG prototype (it's a unmanned version of the ZBL-08 IFV). I don't know much about point air defence/ SPAAGS, so take the below with a grain of salt, the person who wrote this article seems to work at China National Electronics Import & Export Corporation due to his knowledge of the FCS and the electronic aspects of the weapon. I've translated the portion of the article in question below. Bear in mind some of these terms are quite technical so they might not make sense: The 625 protoype has a 6x25mm set of autocannons, is light, and has newly developed FCS [Skipping the propaganda talk...] The 25mm auto cannon carriage is 25x 287mm (Is that even an actual autocannon sized projectile???), The chamber pressure is higher than 430 Mpa, muzzle velocity up to 1150m/s, shell weight 670g 2ith 25g of HE, with a conical shaped fragmentation diameter of 5-6m. At the same time, due to the 25mm being smaller than the 35mm, the rate of fire is around 2000rpm versus the old 35mm SPAG (PGZ 88 and PGZ 63 iirc) of 888 rpm. [... More propaganda skipped] The 625 prototype utilizes a rotary barrel autocannon (Like a gattling gun), this new technology is also aided with 4 guided/infrared missiles (it's inaccurate here, I suspect its misses and not guidance systems as it could read due to the picture). It is planned for these new units to enter integration into the field at the brigade level as a point defense item. The estimated radius of intercept for small and light objects is expected to be between 3000-6000m. At the same time search, firecontrol radar and TV guided (literally: Electrical-probe system??) are mounted on the top of the vehicle, and thus can track and intercept a target at a max range of 10,000m in ideal conditions (which in tibet, is never), and can actively weapon track (By this I think it means track the flight path and thus engage at any time) 6-10 targets at once. It is expected there will be a centralized brigade HQ FCS and radar collator which should allow for the vehicle to engage targets without its radar. https://www.163.com/dy/article/G20STOKA05158C06.html tl;dr. PLA made a protoype of a SPAGG based off the tunguska concept with the M163 VADS gattling gun, and a possibly downsized crotale missle. (The 2K22 missles are optical/radar guided whereas the crotale is optical/ir/radar guided) Judging from the pictures, that's not in Lhasa because it's much more hilly terrain but lower elevation (and much more vegetation), I'd place it in བྲག་ཡིབ་གྲོང་ or Bayi, a town in ཉིང་ཁྲི་གྲོང་ཁྱེར། or Nyingchi prefecture. It's the only place to receive consistent rainfall that's also technologically stable enough to see trees grow that large, there's also not the characteristic rainbow stripe like soil coloration found in the far eastern end of Tibet In regards to the gif. Was the Tibetan Military region receiving new equipment of HQ-17s (Chinese version of Tor with IFF and better radar), it shows 4 Launcher units with radar, a reloading vehicle, a command vehicle (centralizing the unit radar coverage), and a possible ammo vehicle (it's at the far left end).
>>14673 >double post I made a few errors and I can't be damned to delete this because god damn it the upload speed is atrocious. I meant "tectonic stablity", not technologically stable in regards to the deployment location. It says the 265 is unmanned, this can mean completely autonomous, or that there is no gunner and there is only a driver+radio/radar operator, OR it could mean the turret is unmanned (This is implied). I also forgot to mention. Those vehicles in the gif seemed to be intentionally covered up. This would mean that the vehicles are domestically produced dongfeng and not the MZKT chassis. Why they would do this I do not know. Maybe to keep the russians from screeching about licensing? Very strange for the decision to cover up domestic logos when Xi has been pushing hard for domestic adoption of domestic vehcles.
>>14669 From what I'm reading the concern is mostly over radium and radon.
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It looks like the Turks will build this, and that's fun because they can argue that this is not covered by the Montreux convention and they are free to let any ship they want to pass.
>>14751 They've been dabbling with this project for a while now haven't they?
>>14758 Because the international community has pretty strict rules about natural waterways, but you can do whatever the fuck you want with an artificial waterway and nobody can stop you since it's part of your territory. It will be interesting to see what happens with the Northwest Passage as the Earth gets warmer.
how would you fund and supply a nationless army? Middle eastern armies like the taliban and ISIS sell heroin but is there a better more organized way to fund armies? how does boko haram get funding? is it just randsom? who is selling them all their ammo? id like to get very in depth if possible.
>>15000 three words and two are "intelligence agency"
>>13348 https://archive.md/x53FW >The Holos generator is a subcritical nuclear reactor design uses fewer nuclear pebbles so that all of the nuclear material never reaches criticality. It is subcritical in operation and it remains subcritical in all emergency scenarios. There is never enough nuclear material for a criticality event.It never gets over 1,127°C. Steel melts at 1370°C. No matter what the steel structure never melts. Cheaper because it is fully integrated at the factory with fuel, reactor and turbine machinery in a shipping container. Costs are minimized by eliminating the balance of plant. The Holos generator solely relies on air cooling.
>>15157 cue retards screeching about dirty bombs
>>15157 Couldn't these be used to power fully unmanned merchant ships?
>>15161 Yes, and you could also use them to power fully manned merchant ships, or make fully unmanned merchant ships powered by something else.
>>15162 >tfw no hohols from the zone accidentally/deliberately throwing a spent fuel pebbles overboard in the Suez during sportsball practice >tfw no hueg scandal after livestock on carriers that passed through the Suez is found to be contaminated
>>15157 You could put that into a vehicle, mount a laser on it, and have a reasonably mobile AA weapon.
>>15376 Or replace diesel-electric trains with nuclear ones. Especially on very long routes (think of Russia), I can see a small nuclear power plant being comparably priced to electrifying the whole line.
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nobusuke_Kishi >In 1926–27, Kishi traveled around the world to study industry and industrial policy in various industrialised states around the world, such as the United States, Germany, and the Soviet Union.[11] In 1929, he was deeply "shocked and impressed" with the Soviet first five-year plan, which left him a convinced believer in state-sponsored industrial development.[11] Besides the Five Year Plan, which left Kishi with an obsession with economic planning, Kishi was also greatly impressed with the labor management theories of Frederick Winslow Taylor in the United States, the German policy of industrial cartels and the high status of German technological engineers within the German business world.[12][11] >Kishi was one of the more prominent members of a group of "reform bureaucrats" within the Japanese government who favored a statist model of economic development with the state guiding and directing the economy.[13] From 1933 onwards, Kishi regularly attacked democracy in his speeches and praised Nazi Germany as a model for Japan.[14] Very similar in their thinking as regards the "reform bureaucrats" in their plans to do away with laissez faire capitalism were the "total war" faction within the Imperial Japanese Army who wanted Japan to become a totalitarian "national defense state" whose economy would be geared entirely towards supporting the military.[15] In the early 1930s, Kishi forged an alliance between the "total war" school in the military and the "reform bureaucrats" in the civil service.[16] >In September 1931, the Kwantung Army seized the Chinese region of Manchuria ruled by the warlord Zhang Xueliang, the "Young Marshal", and turned it into the nominally independent "Empire of Manchukuo" supposedly ruled by the Emperor Puyi. Manchukuo was a sham, and in reality it was a Japanese colony; Manchuko had all the trappings of a state, but it was not a real country.[16] All of the ministers in the Manchukuo government were Chinese or Manchus, but all of the deputy ministers were Japanese, and these were the men who really ruled Manchukuo. Kishi visited Manchukuo several times starting in the fall of 1931, where he quickly became friends with the leading officers in the Kwantung Army.[6] >As an important bureaucrat in Tokyo, Kishi played a major role in forcing out the private shareholders in the South Manchuria Railway company, which was the largest corporation in Asia at the time, so that the Kwantung Army could become a shareholder instead.[6] Kishi's uncle, Yōsuke Matsuoka, was president of the South Manchuria Railroad, and Kishi advised his uncle that making an alliance with the Kwantung Army was in the best interests of the corporation, and had the additional benefit of winning Kishi much goodwill from the officers of the Kwantung Army, who appreciated getting their share of the South Manchuria Railroad company's profits.[6] Besides the railroads, the South Manchuria Railroad company also owned oil fields, hotels, ports, telephone lines, mines and the telegraph lines in Manchuria, making it the dominant corporation in Manchuria.[6] >Right from the start, the Japanese Army planned to turn Manchukuo into the industrial powerhouse of the Japanese empire and carried out a policy of forced industrialization with a reckless disregard for human life; the model for Manchukuo was the Soviet First Five Year Plan.[16] Deeply distrustful of capitalism, the military completely excluded the zaibatsu from investing in Manchukuo, and instead all industrial development in Manchuria was carried out by state-owned corporations.[16] Reflecting the military's ideas about the "national defense state", Manchukuo's industrial development was focused completely upon heavy industry such as steel production for the purposes of arms manufacture.[16] In 1935, Kishi was appointed Manchukuo's Deputy Minister of Industrial Development.[16] Kishi was given complete control of Manchukuo's economy by the military, with the authority to do whatever he liked just as long as industrial growth was increased.[17]
>>18804 >After his appointment, Kishi persuaded the military to allow private capital into Manchukuo, successfully arguing that the military's policy of having the state-owned corporations leading Manchukuo's industrial development was costing the Japanese state too much money.[16] Kishi envisioned a "planned economy" for Manchukuo where bureaucrats such as himself would direct the zaibatsu into selected industries, which would create the necessary industrial basis for the "national defense state".[18] In place of the previous policy of "one industry, one firm" for Manchukuo, Kishi brought in a new policy of "all industries, one firm".[16] One of the zaibatsu that Kishi selected to invest in Manchukuo, the Nissan group, was headed by another of Kishi's uncles.[19] In order to make it profitable for the zaibatsu to invest in Manchukuo, Kishi had a policy of lowering the wages of the workers to the lowest possible point, even below the "line of necessary social reproduction" as he once put it.[20] The purpose of Manchukuo was to provide the industrial basis for the "national defense state" with Driscoll noting "Kishi's planned economy was geared towards production goals and profit taking, not competition with other Japanese firms; profit come primarily from rationalizing labor costs as much as possible. The ne plus ultra of wage rationalization would be withholding pay altogether-that is unremunerated forced labor."[21] >Kishi favored giant conglomerates as the engines of industrial growth as the best way of achieving economics of scale. The system that Kishi pioneered in Manchuria of a state-guided economy where corporations made their investments on government orders later served as the model for Japan's post-1945 development, albeit not with same level of brutal exploitation as in Manchukuo.[28] Later on, Kishi's statist model for economic development was adopted in South Korea and China, albeit not executed with anywhere near the same brutality as in Manchuria.[28] >In 1936, Kishi was one of the drafters of a proposed 3.13 billion yen Five Year Plan, which was intended to drastically increase industrial production both within Manchukuo and Japan itself to the point that Japan could fight a total war by 1941.[29] Kishi's "communistic" Five Year Plan created much opposition from the zaibatsu, who were not keen to see his statist Manchurian system extended to Japan; not the least because in Kishi's system, the purpose of private enterprise was to serve the state rather than make a profit, and in December 1936 following an extensive lobbying campaign by the industrialists, the Five Year Plan was rejected by the Imperial Diet.[30] However, the Five Year Plan, which rejected for Japan, went ahead in Manchukuo.[31] The intention of the Five Year Plan was to focus on heavy industry for military purposes and to vastly increase production of coal, steel, electricity and weapons.[31] One of the corporations founded for the Five Year Plan was the state-owned Manchurian Corporation for Development of Heavy Industry in 1937, which in its first year, had 5.2 billion yen invested in it by the Japanese state, making it by far the largest capital project in the Japanese empire; the total expenditure by the state for 1937 was 2.5 billion yen and for 1938 3.2 billion yen.[31] The Japanese historian Hotta Eri wrote that never before in Japanese history had the state ever embarked upon such a gigantic project such as the Five Year Plan.[31] >The Japanese conscripted hundreds of thousands of Chinese as slave labor to work in Manchukuo's heavy industrial plants. In 1937, Kishi signed a decree calling for the use of slave labour to be conscripted both in Manchukuo and in northern China, stating that in these "times of emergency" (i.e. war with China), industry needed to grow at all costs, and slavery would have to be used as the money to pay the workers was not there.[32] The American historian Mark Driscoll wrote that just as African slaves were taken to the New World on the "Middle Passage", it would be right to speak of the "Manchurian Passage" as vast numbers of Chinese peasants were rounded up to be taken as slaves to Manchukuo.[33] Starting in 1938 and continuing to 1945, about one million Chinese were taken every year to work as slaves in Manchukuo.[34] The harsh conditions of Manchukuo were well illustrated by the Fushun coal mine, which at any given moment had about 40,000 men working as miners, of whom about 25,000 had to be replaced every year as their predecessors had died due to poor working conditions and low living standards.[31] I wonder how these policies would work today. With automatization you don't need to draft millions of bugmen to run your industrial machine, but maintaining it during prolonged periods of peace seems to be an issue.
>>18804 Kishi sounds pretty based. Very practical minded person. Archaic a bit to contemporary age, I wonder how close his economic process was to Kantrovich.
>>18804 >totalitarian Any Wikipedia page that has buzzwords like that is obvious ideological bias. Best not to take such page seriously and look at primary sources.
‘World first’ as hydrogen used to power commercial steel production https://archive.md/BrSxb >Hydrogen has been used to power commercial steel production for the first time, replacing liquefied natural gas (LNG) as the source of high-temperature heat at a pilot project in Sweden. Swedish steel maker Ovako’s trial at its Hofors steel mill, in conjunction with hydrogen producer Linde Gas, showed that H2 had no affect on the quality of steel. >Ovako already uses electric-arc furnaces powered by renewable energy to melt scrap steel and produce its base product, but LNG to provide the heat at its rolling mills — where pre-produced steel is passed through pairs of rollers that reduce its thickness and makes the thickness uniform. >Both green and blue hydrogen are currently expensive to produce, available in limited quantities and would increase the cost of steel production, so companies are reluctant to make the switch — unless the clean H2 was subsidised in some way. With this technology you can completely eliminate coal from the equation, because to make hydrogen gas you need water and electricity, and both steel mills and nuclear power plants need a lot of water, so they are usually located next to rivers anyway. And you might even substitute iron ore with just scrap iron, especially in a total war situation where you draft large segment of the population, and you might as well melt down their cars to turn them into tanks.
>>18980 >because to make hydrogen gas you need water and electricity, and both steel mills and nuclear power plants need a lot of water, so they are usually located next to rivers anyway. Sorry mate, but no. There's such a thing as the laws of physics, you know (specifically the Second Law of Thermodynamics). Perpetual-motion Machines don't real. The energy cost of electrolysis to extract H2 + O from H2O far outstrip the energy potential stored in these products of the process. I imagine the article suggests otherwise (didn't read it lol b/c the great Cuckflare Wall pick a different archiver, strelok) and conveniently overlooks the basic fact that almost all hydrogen production comes directly from the natural gas itself.
>>18981 >The energy cost of electrolysis to extract H2 + O from H2O far outstrip the energy potential stored in these products of the process Electrolysis needs so much power that a nuclear power plant is just not enough?
>>18981 Did you even read the entire headline before writing that post? This has nothing to do with generating electricity.
>>18981 Coal is needed as a metallurgical component in steel retard, he isn't talking about hydrogen power plants.
>>18980 They say right in the article that it's extremely costly, faggot. Costly = requires infrastructure that attributes to the carbon footprint and affects the end user's bottom line.
>>18993 Friendo, we are on the board dedicated to weapons and warfare, not environmentalism and penny-pinching. A steel mill that only needs electricity, water, and either iron ore or scarp iron is easier to deal with than a steel mill that also needs a constant supply of coal. Water is available on-site, and you could power the steel mill with those miniature nuclear power plant discussed before, and at that point you only need to worry about the iron. If you remember what happened with German industry during ww2 once the Amis started bombing railway chokepoints, you might see why a significantly more self-sufficient steel mill is relevant to the thread.
>>18992 >as a metallurgical component The headline literally says "power". They're not talking about the metallurgy. It's being burned for heat. At least his misunderstanding of "power" as electrical power rather than heat is a reasonable mistake if he read the headline without being able to access the rest of the article, but your confusion doesn't even make sense.
>>19004 >a reasonable mistake if he read the headline without being able to access the rest of the article, >>18980 >Hydrogen has been used to power commercial steel production for the first time, replacing liquefied natural gas (LNG) as the source of high-temperature heat at a pilot project in Sweden.
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How do Hohols and the current Russian military deal with распу́тица these days?
>>18996 I'll have to go back and read the thread, but based on my experience with industrial settings, there's virtually no difference in how you run the mill after you exceed about a million dollars worth of product. Once you get into those dollar amounts, energy costs start to become trivial and heat dissipation is actually a bigger deal. The thing about hydrolysis is that it doesn't upscale so good and requires more energy than you put into it to produce since you are creating fuel to burn, not just burning fuel. It works if you can gravity-feed the system or store energy using solar if you live along one of the two 35-45 degree global belts, maybe wind on particularly windy islands, but steel mills require a lot more energy and you would need a Frito Lay Sunchips sized solar power station to store that kind of potential energy. You know the one that's an old marvel of the world and got featured in New Vegas.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakhalin%E2%80%93Hokkaido_Tunnel How autistic would it be to use standard gauge for the tunnel? There are plenty of wagons with variable gauge axes that can switch between broad and standard in Europe, and the Japanese also have projects to develop wagons that can switch between narrow and standard. They could lay standard gauge in the tunnel, build container terminals in both end, and just have both kind of variable gauge wagons go back-and-forth, and around the terminals they both could build dual gauge tracks for themselves (narrow and standard for the Japs, standard and broad for the Ruskies). Of course, there is still the problem of the Japanese having their own specific kind of shipping containers.
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>>19112 Or there is the significantly more sensible alternative of building a triple gauge track that can handle mixes all three of them into one. Although I can't find an example that combines standard gauge with 1067mm and 1520mm, but that shouldn't be that different from what is on the second picture. Even more, the 1067mm would be more of a bonus in that case, and you could use all around Russia. Although I have no idea why would a Japanese railcar show up in Poland.
https://yewtu.be/watch?v=pH0oafZKiDY This is some nice train autism, and helps you imagine why train schedules at the beginning of ww1 were so important, and why bombing the German rail yards in ww2 crippled their industry.
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>due to Corona-chan's popularity waning the demand for oil and natural gas suddenly went up after it was about to hit rock bottom in 2020 >meanwhile the EU set up a new, completely speculative market for natural gas as an alternative to the old system of fixed long term contracts, thinking that Russians will have to constantly compete with LNG from all over the world >now all the LNG goes to Asia, as they pay a premium for it, mostly because Shina suddenly decided to get rid of coal burning power plants (causing frequent blackouts in the process) >Russia also delivered a lot less gas both in 2020 and 2021, so all the European reservoirs are empty >a lot of said reservoirs were also bought up by the Russian, as they were up for sale as part of setting up the new market >the cost of electric power is also up, as there's not enough gas, and all these fancy renewable sources were underperforming the last few weeks >and some 400 000 truck drivers are missing from Europe >and according to long term forecasts this is going to be one of the coldest winters in Europe in recent memory
>>19658 >all these fancy renewable sources were underperforming the last few weeks It's kinda funny that they installed them to "tackle" climate change but then they're vulnerable to the effects of a change in climate making them useless.
>>19658 Don't forget that Germany is shuttering some of its nukes, which make up 13% of their electricity produced, this winter because Merkel pissed herself over Fukushima. Blackouts are to be expected. As an upside, there'll be a lot less urbanites come spring. Country folk have wood stoves as backup. >>19668 They're useless as it is. Only reason they're "economical" is that cheap fossil fuels are used to produce them. Nobody could afford renewables produced with renewables. And that's leaving out the far, far higher risk of blackouts and brownouts with renewables because they're inherently at the mercy of mother nature and there's no way to build enough batteries to compensate for all that risk. For example, it's entirely possible to have a year with very little wind, or a lot of cloud cover. Replacing predictable energy sources with unpredictable sources is a losing proposition.
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>>19669 >Replacing predictable energy sources with unpredictable sources is a losing proposition. Don't worry, you don't need a manufacturing base when you can just order everything that you need from China thanks to globalized supply chains(tm).
>>19669 Don't the northern cities have radiative water heating utilities powered by geothermal? Or am I thinking of Canada? >Year of little wind/sun While in general I agree that renewables are not a permanent fuel source nor are they even cost-effective as an alternative/auxiliary system most of the time, there are many places on Earth where you do consistently have solar (the two 35-40 degree belts outside areas of heavy rainfall, which are rare in those belts) and consistently have wind (Great Plains, parts of Scotland, etc.). Germany's problem is that they are north of the ideal solar area and they are also not along any major wind pattern areas, so relying on either is fucking retarded since only small parts of Germany are even cost-effective for windmills.
>>19669 I also haven't mentioned that the fertilizer industry uses natural gas as raw material, and many of the plants in Europe scaled back their production, or outright shut down to the time being. And of course the price of fertilizer goes up globally, and that will also make food more expensive. And I take I don't have to point out that the costs of energy and transportation directly tie to everything, and that inflation is also up everywhere. I don't think that we will see a sudden collapse, but if it keeps up then most of an average person's salary will go towards basic necessities, and maybe some segments of the population will be simply priced out of life.
>>19669 >Replacing predictable energy sources with unpredictable sources is a losing proposition. Even if you could predict that source, they can't produce enough energy. I went to a geothermal power plant where they were conducting a solar panel experiment, they had a lot of different types of solar panels with no movement, 2 axis movement, 3 axis movement. At the end, they needed a shit load of land to produce what the geothermal power plant was producing and of course batteries for the night. The 3 axis movement solar panel were great at producing more energy, but if something happened and it stopped working correctly, they needed to hire some guy in europa to come and fix it. Yes, it wasn't FOSS, so they let the damn thing sit there broken. Solar panels can be useful for some situations, in my third world shit country the domestic sector has a subsidy, because people are "poor," so they get cheaper energy. What the government should do is sell solar panels to the domestic sector at affordable prices along side a yearly maintenance so that they know those damn things are still working. That way they can slowly cancel the subsidy and steal the money for themselves. Anyway the solution for fossil energy is nuclear energy, but people too retarded to realize that.
Here is a random link from an academic that goes into logistics, very interesting site: https://www.hgwdavie.com/blog/2017/5/25/the-tempo-of-operations-in-the-railway-age Anyone have anything relating to the foraging operations in preindustrial armies? I am not sure how it works, most accounts I have found are vague in antidotal stories and general concepts.
>>19703 "Caesar's Legion: The Epic Saga of Julius Caesar's Elite Tenth Legion and the Armies of Rome" describes a harvesting operation of a Roman legion in Gaul that ends up going very wrong. In short, stores in a marching fort that's been occupied for longer than planned are running low and it's harvest time, so the commander (a legate, IIRC) sends out a unit of men (I think it was two centuries, but it could've been a cohort as well). They get a couple empty carts and sickles, but march out in full equipment since the enemy might ambush them. When harvesting, a platoon of men would stand watch with weapons, while the others grabbed the harvesting equipment and cut grain stalks and throw them on the cart (bundling them together too, I think). They then end up getting ambushed by cavalry, retreat with the full cart towards the fort, but end up forming up on a hill near the fort, where they get cut down to a man.
>>19703 >foraging in pre-industrial armies. A few of the older Chinese works go in to great detail since it was considered a key component. But they are in old Chinese. I'll give you an example. There is the "tuntian" system historically before the middle ages where soldiers would train in the winter, but work in the harvest and sowing in an area. These "Soldiers" (I believe the proper term nowdays would be auxilaries or reservists) would be called up as needed when conflict arose. There's a lot discuss about bluffing the enemy. One famous instance is where a general was matched up against someone who was very cautious (think Montgomery), so he got soldiers to build straw soldiers with weapons, got the drummers to drum louder than usual, lit up more bonfires. He then took the majority of his force to steal what would be the enemies harvest dressed in plain clothes during the night.
>>19658 https://archive.vn/Z8JYv It would seem Europe's plan is to act as a middle-man and either directly sell gas or supply gas to Ukraine via Slovakia instead of helping them to transition to an agricultural/industrial economy. More importantly based on what I'm reading, the Germans and French are planning long-term to siphon any talent left in the Ukraine off to other Western countries via educational/business programs, exacerbating the situation further. At this point I suspect the EU wants Russia to go to war with Ukraine in order to absolve themselves of their responsibility to try and help fix the Ukraine problem, but they can't say it outright else Ukraine might try fleeing to nearby states instead of only letting their talented slip through the cracks into EU clutches.
>>13232 Any anons ITT ever tried foxhole? It really soothes my autism to make guns and ammo and medical supplies and then truck them around to places.

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