Jungle fag here, have seen some crazy shit.
Just dropping a bit of knowledge to help you out.
>stockpiling is a huge thing
Major powers have MILLIONS of land mines just stacked in warehouses in case a war breaks out- and that nature of land mines is such that they will likely remain in storage indefinitely rather than being recycled or destroyed. you may get some models stored without explosives, but the dynamic is the same that even though new landmines are made the old ones will be deployed anyway.
>most of the UXO fatalities post conflict aren't actually related to someone actually setting off the mine.
People die trying to disarm them and many are with traps for those attempting clearance operations, but overwhelmingly the land mine fatalities are from civilians trying to do retarded things with UXO like salvage metal, use the explosives for mining.
The reality that valuable arms and equipment is also often discarded in these areas encourages salvage operations. Is that a helmet? is it a can of ammo?
in the time UXO is hazardous it's far more likely to kill a cow, for a peasant to hit it with a rock or put it in a fire than it is to actually be stepped on.
You also get murder by landmine, where villagers try to assassinate each other or move UXO onto each other's lands, which makes sense if you think about it.
"You raped my cousin when she was getting firewood, I'm going to put a landmine in your field, have fun looking for it"
>Despite the rhetoric and papers politicians sign, nobody actually wants self disarming landmines.
They are area denial weapons, area as in "some place" and denial as in "never go there again".
When the US dropped mines on Laos they were trying to deny smuggling routes, those routes are still being used as we speak.
You don't use mines to win wars, you use them for long term denial of areas you don't want anyone moving through or living in.
Lets say you are a COINshit force in Afghanistan, and you identify an area of a valley you really don't want to be ambushed in.
So you drop mines to stop anyone moving in and setting up ambushes, they set off a mine and you know they are there.
Well this also works because you don't want anyone building a fucking village in that spot after you leave do you?
If I've just bombed a mountain fort, I will use mines to hinder anyone trying to rebuild it (slighting).
I don't want anyone rebuilding that fort in 100 years, because the ground is still going to be a place I don't want to be ambushed from in a hundred years time.
I've been innajungle and actually found UXO, I saw this thing and I was like "oh shit a metal tin" and I was almost going to dig it up before I was like.....wait a minute that's probably UXO- and I still really wanted to dig it up just to see if it was or wasn't. People do that.