>What is Fascism?
for one attempt at providing a concise definition of Fascism. I wrote that definition myself so I can try to elaborate if needed.
>It is the same as National Socialism? Do they go hand in hand or are they separate?
A British Fascist who lived in the same era as Adolf Hitler, Mussolini and many other great Fascists named Oswald Mosley wrote in his book "Fascism 100 Questions Asked and Answered" that there is one
Fascist movement, though it manifests in different expressions in each nation as a result of different cultures, conditions and racial characteristics.
I don't think many here with disagree with that characterization, but with National Socialism the difference is the link with race. I don't want to say that the other Fascist movements weren't
racially-based to an extent since they weren't Civic Nationalists who thought that just anyone could join the nation like one can a club, but in National Socialism we start to see an application of biological and racial science to the political and social realms with laws preventing miscegenation, positive and negative eugenics (elevating good elements and removing the bad), etc. Many of the ideas more particular to National Socialism can be found in German science at the beginning of the 20th century, such as the idea of Lebensraum, eugenics, etc. So Fascism and National Socialism overlap, but they are not identical.
>Was Hitler a socialist? is he considered a leftoid?
Hitler was not a leftist. In Mein Kampf he frequently talks about hierarchy, and how ideas such as abolishing private property are insane. He acknowledges the plight of the working class at his time, but he realizes that their movement for better conditions was co-opted and used as a weapon against the state and society at large. This co-opted workers movement didn't strive towards social harmony and a united community of people bound together by blood, but social conflict, leveling egalitarianism and other destructive and unworkable ideas. Hitler wanted to reconstitute his people into a harmonious society of functionally differentiated people working together as an integrated, organic whole. Hitler was
a socialist, but this was not meant in the sense of how leftists use the term today. The Socialism of National Socialism refers more to a communitarian-minded worldview. In a speech on July 28, 1922 Hitler said the following about how he envisioned Socialism:
>Whoever is prepared to make the national cause his own to such an extent that he knows no higher ideal than the welfare of his nation; whoever has understood our great national anthem, "Deutschland ueber Alles," to mean that nothing in the wide world surpasses in his eyes this Germany, people and land - that man is a Socialist.
>Is communism and Fascism the same thing
Not in the slightest. Communism is a materialistic political ideology which stands on the principles of materialism (everything is just matter bouncing around in the void), atheism, internationalism and the abolition of unjust hierarchies and exploitation. They view history as progressing towards some sort of moneyless, stateless utopia from the internal contradictions of capitalism. If you have ever heard a leftoid say that we're in "late stage capitalism", this means that they are saying that capitalism is about to implode due to its internal contradictions and issue in socialism, a stage which comes in Marx's historical scheme before communism.
Gonna split this post up.