I will agree with you completely that we are social beings who seem to utilize and create technology by our very nature (from the most primitive to most advanced, it doesn’t matter), and as I have pointed out under one ID or another ITT, technique isn’t limited to just humans, but in humans alone it is changeable, creative and inventive. What I am left wondering was whether this technological world today was 100% unavoidable – when I speak of the “technological world” I mean one in which the domination of techniques has taken over essentially every aspect of human society, mechanizing it, regimenting it, snuffing out all spontaneity and the irrational, bending humans to its own laws rather than how it ought to be, the opposite.
From my reading of Ellul it seems as if he places a lot emphasis on the morality of a given society and how much it becomes penetrated and subjected to rampant technique. For example early in The Technological Society he discusses the Greeks and their scientific inquiry, noting in particular how the Greeks didn’t seem to really apply their scientific discoveries. There was a separation between science and technique, unlike today. Greece at this time, he notes, had ideals of contemplative intelligence, a scorn of material needs, manual labor (due to it being the work of slaves) and a system of virtues which exalted self-control, moderation and harmony. He quotes one modern author on the subject:
>Did the Creeks, obsessed with harmony, check themselves at the very point at which inquiry ran the risk of going to excess and threatened to introduce a monstrosity into their civilization?"
If we accept this type of idea, something happened where all boundaries were removed, all systems of virtue discredited and shoved aside and science became united with technique, application becoming imperative. The Amish are one (cliched at this point on /fascist/) example of a system or morality which has checked rampant technique. They’re not a utopian society, obviously, but much healthier than mainstream America. Anti-tech will only come to fruition provided there is a revolution in thought, otherwise the system will play itself out to some sort of final destination. Ted neglected this type of thinking too much, I think.